They live in the mid-ranges of the Nilgiris or blue-mountains, entertain a confusing and mysterious identity. Several factors add to the popularity of these tribal people. Like the mountain ranges, the word kurumba is found in the adjoining states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Kerala. The tribes themselves are sometimes called Kuruba and sometimes confused with other tribes of similar names like Kuruman.
Music and Dance
The kurumbas share a common musical culture with other Nilgiri tribes. Bamboo pipes (kolu and bugir) and mono faced drums (tambatte) and two-faced drums (are) are the popular instruments. Themes are either devotional or associated with death and marriage rituals. In dance there are two kinds: the gandesaattam is performed by the men while the slower version yennattam is performed by the women. However, it is only the men who take part in the theatre or Kuthu. Staged by the firelight or under the moonlight, both the female and the male roles are played by the men alone. Themes are religious and social with a penchant for comedy.
Ornaments and Clothes
The Kurumbas are said to wear silver and bronze jewelry. However, during the fieldtrip to Vellarikombai village we noticed only a minimum of jewelry and that of the plastic bead kind. Married women wear tali, which is very often just a plain yellow thread, the pendant or beads having broken off. Soap is used to wash them where soap nut was once used. The Kurumba women are said to have had a few parallel lines of dot tattooed on their foreheads traditionally. We however did not see anybody with tattoo art on them.
The traditional Kurumba clothing was a piece of cloth wrapped under the arms. The cloth is folded on top giving a padded effect and reaches up to their knees. The men wore a loincloth. Now the men are dressed in trousers and a shirt when they go out of the village, and wear a lungi at home. The women wear a sari and the girls are sometimes dressed in a kameez.
The Kurumba art is an expression of its socio-religious fabric. The art is traditionally practiced by the male members of the temple caretakers, or priest to the Kurumba village. The women of the family contribute to the decorations at home in the form of borders around the door and windows and kolams on the floor. Other Kurumbas are not allowed to practise thecanvas for the painting is the outer wall of the temple and the house. The figures representing their gods and the kurumba man expresses Kurumba beliefs and the milestones of the village and the tribe. The artist also draws inspiration from his life. The figures are made up of lines and are minimal in style. Lines, independent and concentric, dot and simple geometric figures are the basic elements. The figures also stand free of any depiction of their natural environment. The defining context is the surface on which they are painted.
Four colours are used traditionally: Red (Semm manna) and white (Bodhi manna) are soils, black is obtained from the bark of a tree (Kari maran) and green from the leaves of a plant (Kaatavarai sedi). A piece of cloth is used to apply the colors onto the cowdung prepared walls.
This is a hand-loom woolen product, designed and manufactured by KURUMBA(Tribal people of India)
This is also an ENDANGERED ancient hand-loom techniques of India.
It is weaved only by single person for 2 months.
It can withstand any climatic conditions.
This wool is extracted from the NATTU SEMARI AADU(An endangered breed found only in that particular forest)
THIS NATTU SEMARI AADU WOOL IS AS EQUAL AS VICUNA WOOL.
It is Eco-Friendly
FRAGRANCE : Nature
MANUFACTURING DURATION : 2 Months
GSM : 501 – 800
Material : Nattu Semari Aadu Wool
Weight : 2.4 kg
Dimensions : 168 x 210
WARRANTY : LifeLong (without pouring water in it)
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